The strategic complex of electronic warfare “ Murmansk-BN '' stationed near Kaliningrad caused concern among European analysts. According to observers, the Murmansk-BN electronic warfare complex able to disable all NATO aerospace and & nbsp; radar systems, rendering even the most advanced American F-35 fighters useless. According to the & nbsp; opinion of the author of the article, thus, & nbsp; Russia has a huge military advantage. The range of the electronic warfare station in & nbsp; Kaliningrad reaches & nbsp; Lisbon. AiF.ru figured out which miracle weapon is on the & nbsp; armament of the Russian army.
Where are they hosted?
Work on strategic electronic warfare equipment began in the & nbsp; USSR in the & nbsp; 1960s, but & nbsp; to create the necessary element base and & nbsp; to make a prototype only by & nbsp; 2015 & nbsp; year. Then he & nbsp; was demonstrated at the & nbsp; Northern Fleet. In & nbsp; 2016, the system was on & nbsp; alert. In & nbsp; March 2017 Murmansk-BN was deployed in & nbsp; Crimea. Near Kaliningrad, the complexes appeared in & nbsp; 2018 & nbsp; year, they entered the & nbsp; 841st separate electronic warfare center of the Baltic Fleet at & nbsp; the end of 2019 & nbsp; year. This center of electronic warfare & nbsp; & mdash; one of the & nbsp; most secret parts of the Baltic Fleet in the & nbsp; Yantarny village. According to the & nbsp; opinion of Western experts, in the & nbsp; perspective, Russia will deploy a lot of electronic warfare “ Murmansk-BN '' on & nbsp; strategically important areas.
What can he do?
Murmansk-BN is one of the & nbsp; most powerful electronic warfare systems in the & nbsp; world. This is an automated complex of radio interference for communication lines in the & nbsp; shortwave (HF) range. Most of the data on & nbsp; it is classified. However, it is known that the range of suppression of radio communications of the complex is about 5 & nbsp; thousand & nbsp; km, and & nbsp; with ideal signal transmission, it can be increased to & nbsp; 8 & nbsp; thousand & nbsp; km. The work of the new electronic warfare systems is aimed at & nbsp; radio reconnaissance, suppression and & nbsp; control of communication lines of aviation and & nbsp; ship groupings.
According to the & nbsp; opinion of foreign experts, Murmansk-BN suppresses enemy electronic systems without & nbsp; destroying & nbsp; them. All modern military facilities, including Air Force bases and the & nbsp; Navy, can be hit. The goal is achieved in & nbsp; as a result of blocking the signal over this territory. In addition, electronic warfare suppresses all satellite waves, cellular communications (VHF-UHF), radio receivers.
The equipment of the complex in & nbsp; automatic mode collects data on & nbsp; emitters of signals in the & nbsp; HF band, classifies and & nbsp; here & nbsp; determines which and & nbsp; what power of interference can suppress them. The shortwave range in which it & nbsp; works, as a rule, is used for communication at & nbsp; large distances between aircraft and & nbsp; surface ships. Its work can disrupt the communication of warships, aircraft and & nbsp; land military units in & nbsp; countries of Eastern, Central Europe and & nbsp; Baltic region, and & nbsp; also in & nbsp; waters of the Baltic Sea and & nbsp; north-western part of the Atlantic Ocean.
How does it work?
The operation of systems that have fallen into the & nbsp; field of action of Russian electronic warfare will be significantly hampered, their & nbsp; main task & nbsp; & mdash; complete destruction of the enemy's information field and & nbsp; setting obstacles for him in the & nbsp; prompt receipt and & nbsp; transmission of command and & nbsp; target data. First of all, the complex is aimed against systems such as the United States' High Frequency Global Communications System. It is this network that provides communication between all command and control bodies of the Department of Defense, aircraft and & nbsp; US ships and & nbsp; their & nbsp; NATO allies. This type of communication in & nbsp; can fully replace only communication via & nbsp; cable, which is resistant to & nbsp; interference.
According to & nbsp; the opinion of foreign experts, Russian strategic electronic warfare systems Murmansk-BN; can interfere with the operation of the most advanced weapon systems. For example, they will be able to completely block communications of F-35 fighters flying near & nbsp; Russian borders, with & nbsp; control points. In the & nbsp; perspective, the complex will be able to disrupt the operation of GPS global positioning tools.
What does it look like?
In the & nbsp; stowed state, the equipment of Murmansk is located on & nbsp; seven heavy multi-axle KamAZ vehicles. The & nbsp; set includes powerful telescopic antenna masts, and & nbsp; also low-frequency stretch antennas. If necessary, the masts with the & nbsp; & nbsp; help of hydraulic equipment are extended to & nbsp; height up to & nbsp; 32 & nbsp; m. Standard deployment time of equipment is 72 & nbsp; hours.