ECHR finds Russian violations of the rights of former Yukos vice-president Leonid Nevzlin The ECHR found that the Russian authorities violated the right to defense in the case of former Yukos shareholder Leonid Nevzlin, who in 2008 received a life sentence in absentia. However, the court rejected several of his other complaints. in the case of Nevzlin who received a life sentence in absentia” />
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) recognized that in the case of the former shareholder and vice-president of the Yukos oil company Leonid Nevzlin, who was sentenced in absentia in Russia to life sentence, there are violations.
The court found that Russia violated paragraphs 1 and 3 of Art. 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Paragraph 1 guarantees the right to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal, paragraph 3— the right to be informed of the nature and basis of the accusation and the right to a defense.
At the same time, the ECtHR recognized Nevzlin’s complaints about the bias of a judge in Russia, that the principle of the presumption of innocence was not observed in his case and that his prosecution was politically motivated.
The court clarified that the applicant did not claim compensation for material or non-pecuniary damage, as well as court costs and expenses.
Nevzlin's lawyer Dmitry Kharitonov told the BBC Russian Service that his client was satisfied with the decision of the ECtHR. However, he pointed out, the European Court did not consider all claims to the verdict and the trial of Nevzlin.
Lawyer Pavel Chikov in his Telegram channel drew attention to the fact that the violation of Art. 6 Convention— this is the formal basis for the annulment of the sentence.
Nevzlin in the early 1990s was the founder of the Menatep Association, the first president of the Menatep Bank. Later he became vice president of Yukos— the oil company in the 1990s, following the results of loans-for-shares auctions, passed to the bank. From November 2001 to March 2003 he was the representative of Mordovia in the Federation Council, for some time he headed the Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH). Shortly after the arrest of a Yukos top manager and another co-founder of Menatep Bank, Platon Lebedev, Nevzlin left for Israel, where he received citizenship in November 2003.
On August 1, 2008, the Moscow City Court sentenced Nevzlin in absentia to life imprisonment. Russian authorities accuse him of tax crimes and organizing several murders, including the mayor of Nefteyugansk, Vladimir Petukhov. In the same year, Nevzlin applied to the ECtHR. In January 2009, the Supreme Court of Russia upheld the verdict.
Nevzlin believes that his criminal prosecution is illegal and politically motivated. In particular, when testifying to the Arbitration Court in The Hague in 2010 and 2012, he stated that the case was brought against him in Russia because of the attempts of the oil company to finance the activities of the opposition on the eve of the Duma and presidential elections in 2003–2004.
< p>The ECHR ruled in three more cases:
- it awarded €12.4 thousand to Dmitry Karuev, a resident of Cheboksary. In 2012, he was found guilty of petty hooliganism (Article 20.1 of the Code of Administrative Offenses) and was sentenced to 15 days of administrative arrest for spitting at the portrait of President Vladimir Putin; enlisted in the army in 2005 and committed suicide six months later;
- awarded €26,000 to Russian woman Ekaterina Khudoroshko. According to the woman, her son, who served in the Navy, was also subjected to hazing and committed suicide.
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