Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain passed away at the age of 96 in Balmoral. What was the head of the monarchy, under which 15 prime ministers were replaced, – in the material RBC ” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >
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Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of the Winzdorov family was born in Mayfair, London on April 21, 1926. The future Queen of Great Britain was the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York. At first, the girl was not considered as the heir to the throne— it was assumed that her father's older brother, Edward, would start a family, and his children would become direct heirs to the throne. Everything changed when Elizabeth was ten years old: her uncle Edward VIII abdicated less than a year after the coronation. Her father, George VI, became the new king, and Elizabeth— heir to the throne.
Elizabeth II reigned for 70 years, the longest term for a British monarch, and she also set a record for life expectancy. During her reign, the Queen has celebrated a series of anniversaries, including a platinum one in February 2022, which happened for the first time in the history of the British monarchy.
Riding and corgis
The mother of the future queen preferred home schooling for her daughter: the girl was educated by governesses. In addition to school subjects, Elizabeth studied jurisprudence and constitutional law. In the early years, riding began, which became one of the favorite pastimes of the future queen: she was last seen in the saddle when the queen was 95 years old. In childhood, a love for Corgi dogs was also manifested.
The first dog, named Dookie, was given to Elizabeth by her parents in 1933, and after some time Jane the Corgi joined him. On her 18th birthday, Elizabeth received a puppy of this breed and named him Susan. It was Susan who laid the foundation for the Royal Corgi family. Throughout her life, Elizabeth had more than thirty dogs of this breed. In 2015, the Queen decided to stop breeding Corgis, as she was afraid that there would be no one to take care of them after her death.
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Her last corgi died in 2018, but two dorgis survived, a mestizo born from a cross between a dachshund and a corgi. In 2021, Elizabeth was presented with two corgi puppies as a gift, but one of them died before reaching the age of five months. Elizabeth's love for the Corgi brought this breed worldwide fame, and in 2019 even a full-length cartoon about the life of her dogs in the palace called “Royal Corgi” was released.
Elizabeth's youth fell on the years of the Second World War, which she mostly spent at Windsor Castle (Berkshire) with her sister, Princess Margaret. At the age of 14, the heir to the throne appeared in a BBC children's program with an appeal to all young Britons who, like her, are in the evacuation. Upon reaching the age of majority, Elizabeth became one of the five councilors of state and could perform some of her father's royal functions in his absence. Parliament even changed the law for this.
In February 1945, she entered the Auxiliary Territorial Service with the rank of junior officer, trained as a truck driver and mechanic, and finished her service with the rank of junior commander. The fact that Elizabeth knows how to drive a truck was repeatedly mentioned during the pandemic against the backdrop of a crisis with a shortage of truckers. According to Princess Margaret, she and her sister celebrated the end of World War II incognito on the streets of London, mingling with the crowd of citizens.
Marriage and coronation
In July 1947, Elizabeth's engagement to Philip Mountbatten, Prince of Greece and Denmark, was announced, with whom she corresponded for many years. They got married four months later. This event was not without scandals: the grandson of the Greek king did not have a fortune and was not a native of Great Britain, which did not prevent him from serving in the British Royal Navy during the war. Shortly before the marriage, Prince Philip renounced his foreign titles, becoming the Duke of Edinburgh and converted from Orthodoxy to Anglicanism. The marriage of Elizabeth and Philip lasted almost 75 years— in April 2021, the prince passed away. The couple have four children: the heir to the throne, Prince Charles, a daughter, Princess Anne, and Princes Andrew and Edward.
On February 6, 1952, after the death of George VI, Elizabeth was declared Queen of Great Britain and sovereign countries. Then she was with her husband on a visit to Kenya. The coronation took place at Westminster Abbey in London on June 2, 1953, during the second premiership of Winston Churchill. During her reign, Elizabeth II found 15 prime ministers, including Liz Truss, who was sworn in on September 6, two days before her death.
During her reign, Elizabeth II won people's love and became a true symbol of British monarchy and the country itself. The Olympic Park in London was named after her, and Big Ben was renamed the Elizabeth Tower. The Queen has repeatedly starred in videos with cult British movie characters to maintain the image of Great Britain abroad: in 2012, for the London Olympics, a video was shot in which agent 007 James Bond comes to her for an audience (even the Queen’s corgis appeared in the video), and in June 2022 th Elizabeth appeared in one of the sketches drinking tea with Paddington Bear.
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